Travel and Medical Insurance
Visitors to Bhutan do not necessarily need medical insurance as, under the Royal Government of Bhutan, health care and medicines are free for the citizens as well as people who travel to Bhutan. Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital is located in the capital city with all the modern scientific equipment and technology. Every district has its own medical centre and Monggar Regional Referral Hospital in the East is the second biggest medical centre. Basic Health Units are located everywhere, even in the most remote villages and communities. However, it is advisable to carry your emergency aid box, to be on the safer side.
However, if you wish then you can have travel insurance with the Royal Insurance Corporation of Bhutan. However, it is important that you get detailed information from the travel agent or log on to www.ricb.com.bt
Currency and Banking
Bhutan’s currency is called Ngultrum and 1 ngultrum is equal to 100 chheltrum. Bhutanese Ngultrum is pegged with the Indian currency- rupees and therefore is exchanged at par. Ngultrum (Nu) is also available in coins in value as high as Nu 5. Currently Nu 48 is the exchange rate of 1 US dollar and the highest recorded rate till date is Nu 52 per US dollar.
Financial institutions in Bhutan have greatly improved over the years and also serve the needs of international banking. ATM services, Western Money Union transfer, exchange of travelers cheques, internet and SMS banking are available at all the Banks and financial Institution of Bhutan. Credit and Master Cards are accepted at the selected handicrafts Souvenirs, shopping mall and star rated hotels.
However, you are suggested to carry cash especially when you go out of the cities and towns. People of Bhutan are hospitable and all the times with smiles and apart from buying beautiful handmade handicrafts, you might be inclined to leave behind a little amount of cash for their warm hospitability.
Major part of the kingdom of Bhutan is lighted by electricity that is green and generated from hydro power. It runs on 220/240 volts with round two-pin and three-pin power outlet.
Bhutan is well connected with telecommunication facilities. Major towns have internet cafes and IDD calling booth where you can call or message. Internet facilities are also available at Hotels and Cafes in almost all the towns. Mobile and cell phones are used widely in the kingdom and has international roaming facilities.
If you are planning a Bhutan Travel, 3 to 5 star hotels are available in the kingdom of Bhutan but however, the choices are more in the capital, Paro, Wangdue till Bumthang. Hotels in Bhutan are well maintained and have all the basic amenities. The people are hospitable and helpful and this is ingrained in any part of your trip to Bhutan, be it in a hotel or outside camping. The Tourism Council of Bhutan has already identified hotels and resorts that should be regarded by all tour operators while arranging hotel accommodations for tourists. By paying the minimum tariff of USD 250 it is insured that you will be lodged at hotels three stars and above (depending on your budget).
As you travel to the places outside cities and towns, you will be tempted to camp outside. The fresh air, the silence, the stars and the mysterious sound of a river will tempt you to camp for another night. Bhutan Swallowtail Travel Company has an exclusive and special package for those interested in camping with the latest state of the art tents and campsite facilities.
Tobacco and Smoking
The Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan is the first country ever to completely ban the sale of tobacco and tobacco products and therefore smoking in public places in Bhutan is illegal.
Only a limited amount of tobacco amount is permissible for any tourist to carry in the kingdom after paying 200% tax. If you are found carrying more than the permitted amount then the tobacco products will be confiscated and you will be arrested. For information, please refer the Tobacco Control Act of Bhutan.
Bhutan is a photographer’s paradise and you need not be a professional photographer to get picturesque post card pictures of Bhutan. All you need is a camera and you can start clicking away the best pictures be it the Himalayan ranges, the clear sky, the flutter of colorful prayer flags, mountain peaks, smiling faces and many more. Bhutan is an idle place for professional Photographers and if you are then you can expect to get numerous masterpieces. The massive fortresses, the sacred monasteries, rich and traditional art and architecture, and smiling faces are some of the scenes you may not be able to avoid.
You can have a grand treat of photography during outdoor sightseeing but you must consult your tour guide for indoor photographs. Bhutan, by law restricts photograph of certain places and monasteries in order to retain its age old national and religious values.
However, do not forget to capture the rural life, rare flora and fauna and the Bhutanese architecture uniquely spread from plains in the south to the peaks of the Himalayan Mountains in the north.
Guides and Interpreters
The minimum government regulated tariff fee that any tourist pays also includes the facility of interpreters and guides. They are trained, licensed and well versed in the Kingdom’s history and possess good communication skills.
You can avail mostly English speaking guides but tour operators and travel agents can also arrange Japanese, Thai and other language speaking guides too, if asked in advance and at an additional cost.
The dressing Code and Conduct
You will be informed by your guide on the code of conduct to be followed by all the visitors especially when visiting monasteries and attending religious functions. You will be expected to dress modestly and remove your caps as you enter through government premises and areas where the national flags are hosted.
You are also to note that Bhutan having oscillating weathers from hot and humid atmosphere of the south to the cool and freezing mountain air, it is advisable to carry all weather clothes.
Name of the Country: Kingdom of Bhutan
:Land of the Thunder Dragon
:Land of happiness
King: The 5th King His Majesty Jigme Gesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Queen: Her Majesty Ashi Jetsun Pema
Population: 738,267- 2011 World Bank Report
Area: 38,398 sq.km. (source – 2005 census)
Location: 88 deg 45’ East to 92 deg 10’ East in Longitude and 26 deg 40’ North to 28’ deg 15 North in Latitude
Elevation Range: 300 m (985 ft) to 7000 m (23,000 ft)
Time zone: 6 hours ahead of GMT
Capital city: Thimphu
Districts (Dzongkhags): 20 Dzongkhags
Religion: Mahayana Buddhism
Currency: Ngultrum (Nu)
Government: Democratic Constitutional Monarchy
Prime Minister: Tshering Tobgay
Opposition Leader: Dr. Pema Gyamtsho
National Game of Bhutan
Archery is the national sports of the Kingodm. Archery was declared the national sport in 1971, when Bhutan became a member of the United Nations. Since then, the popularity of Bhutanese archery has increased and popularly played during local festivals, between public ministries and departments, and between the dzongkhags and the regional teams.
Archery in Bhutan is culturally distinctive and is a way of socialization, communication, and development of relations between people
The National Emblem of Bhutan
The National Emblem, contained in a circle is composed of a double diamond thunderbolt placed above a lotus, surmounted by a jewel and framed by two dragons. The double diamond thunderbolt represents the harmony between secular and religious power. The lotus symbolizes purity and the jewel represents sovereign power. Thetwo dragons - male and female stand for the name of the country - the Land of Thunder Dragon (Druk Yul) which they proclaim with their thunder in unison.
Bhutan National Flag
The National Flag of Bhutan
The national flag of Bhutan is based upon the tradition of the Thunder Dragon of Bhutanese Mythology. The Dragon is closely associated with Bhutan.The basic design of the flag by Queen Mother ChoyingWangmoDorji dates back to 1947.The National flag is rectangle in shape that is divided into two parts diagonally. The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the practice of religion and power of Buddhism. The dragon signifies the name and the purity of the country while the jewels in its claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country
Bhutan Blue Poppy
The National Flower of Bhutan
The national flower of Bhutan is the Himalayan Blue Poppy (Meconopsishorridula). In Bhutan, the Blue Poppy grows to a height of 1 meter on the rocky mountain terrain, above the tree line at altitudes of 3500m to 4500m. It is a delicate blue or purple tinged blossom with a white filament. The flower was discovered in 1933 by British botanist George Sherriff in remote part of Sakteng in eastern Bhutan during an expedition in the Himalayas. Interestingly Frank Ludlow of the same expedition discovered a rare butterfly called the Ludlow's Swallowtail, another icon found exclusively in Bhutan
The National Tree of Bhutan
The Himalayan Cypress (Cupressustorolusa) is the national tree of Bhutan. This tree is associated with religion, and usually found near religious structures like Dzongs and Temples in the temperate zone between altitudes of 1800m and 3500m. To the Bhutanese, its ability to survive on rugged terrain represents bravery and simplicity.
The National Bird of Bhutan
The national bird is the Raven. The symbol of the Raven head is the most prominent component of the royal crown. In Bhutan, the raven represents the deity GonpoJarodongchen, the Raven-headed Mahakala, one of the country's chief guardian deities. The Bhutanese credit the Raven with having guided the founder of BhutanZhabdrungNgawangNamgyelto victory during the invasion from U-Tsang(Tibet) in the seventeenth century.
The National Animal of Bhutan
Takin National Animal of BhutanThe national animal is the Takin (Burdorcastaxicolor). This bovid is also associated with religious history and mythology. Today it is a rare animal, and its conservation status is "vulnerable." This unique animal has the head of a sheep and body of a cow! Legend has it that this animal was conjured up by Lam DrukpaKuenley, a Buddhist Saint notoriously famous for his crude and un-conservative ways of preaching Buddhism. There is a Takin Reserve in Thimphu for those wishing to see this strange and beautiful animal.